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Key Iraq irrigation reservoir near drying out


An Iraqi rides a donkey across the dried out lake bed that is all that is left of Lake Hamrin, in normal years a key irrigation
An Iraqi rides a donkey throughout the dried out lake mattress that’s all that’s left of Lake Hamrin, in regular years a key irrigation reservoir.

Iraq’s Lake Hamrin, a once-vast reservoir northeast of Baghdad that’s the sole supply of water for irrigation throughout Diyala province, has almost dried out, a senior official stated Friday.

Successive years of low rainfall and a pointy discount within the circulation of water down the Sirwan River from neighbouring Iran have decreased a lot of the lake to a mud bowl, the official instructed AFP.

“There has been a sharp reduction in the water level—reserves currently stand at 130 million cubic metres against two billion cubic metres normally,” stated Aoun Dhiab, a senior adviser within the water ministry.

Dhiab stated a variety of elements have been in charge together with the extended drought and Iranian dam development and river diversion tasks upstream.

Dhiab stated it was not the primary time water ranges had fallen so low. “In 2009, the lake dried out fully. There was only a stream.”

He stated the influence on surrounding farmland shouldn’t be underestimated.

“There are no other sources of water in the province—the volume arriving in Lake Hamrin is the volume used in the province.”

He stated the federal government had requested Iran to extend the circulation of water throughout the border. Otherwise all that may very well be achieved was to hope for larger rainfall subsequent 12 months.

  • Iraqi children play on a boat grounded by the shrinking of Lake Hamrin -- the reservoir once provided fish for the dinner table
    Iraqi kids play on a ship grounded by the shrinking of Lake Hamrin — the reservoir as soon as supplied fish for the dinner desk in addition to water for irrigation.
  • Motorists no longer need the asphalted road that used to bridge Lake Hamrin, they can simply drive across the dried out lakebed
    Motorists not want the asphalted street that used to bridge Lake Hamrin, they will merely drive throughout the dried out lakebed.

The downside isn’t unique to Diyala province. The World Bank predicts that with out main adjustments, Iraq could have misplaced 20 % of its water assets by 2020.

The nation is assessed as one in every of 5 most susceptible to local weather change results and desertification. Water shortages have led this 12 months to decreased quotas for rice and wheat farmers.

Iraq’s upstream neighbours Iran, Turkey and Syria expertise related shortfalls, that means that its appeals for assist typically fall unheaded.


Iraq’s prized rice crop threatened by drought


© 2022 AFP

Citation:
Key Iraq irrigation reservoir near drying out (2022, May 20)
retrieved 22 May 2022
from https://phys.org/information/2022-05-key-iraq-irrigation-reservoir.html

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