Scientists say final summer season was the most well liked summer season on document in Europe, with temperatures a full 1 diploma Celsius (1.8 levels Fahrenheit) greater than the typical for the earlier three many years.
A report launched Friday by the European Union‘s Copernicus Climate Change Service discovered that whereas spring 2021 was cooler than common, the summer season months have been marked by “severe and long-lasting heatwaves” that noticed quite a few new temperature information, together with an unprecedented 48.8 C (119.8 F) measured in Sicily final August.
The extended excessive temperatures contributed to wildfires akin to these seen in Siberia, Greece and Turkey final 12 months, and consultants say it elevated the chance of heavy rainfall of the sort that led to lethal flooding in Belgium and Germany final July extra probably.
Sea floor temperatures final 12 months have been greater than at any time since no less than 1992 within the japanese Mediterranean Sea and components of the Baltic Sea, the place the mercury rose greater than 5 C (9 F) above common in the course of the summer season months.
Annual wind speeds in components of western and central Europe have been among the many lowest since no less than 1979, the Copernicus Climate Change Service stated. This led to a discount within the estimated potential for wind energy — one of many major sources of renewable vitality that European international locations are banking on to scale back greenhouse gasoline emissions from electrical energy technology.
The company’s findings are based mostly on ground-based climate stations and satellite tv for pc observations relationship again to 1950.
Globally, the report confirmed that 2021 was ranked between the seventh and fifth warmest 12 months on document, relying on the dataset used.
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