‘Denonia’ analysis factors to new potential cloud cyber risk, consultants say

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Research demonstrating the potential for malware to focus on a serverless computing platform raises consciousness a couple of doable avenue for cyber risk actors that many companies haven’t thought of earlier than, safety consultants instructed VentureBeat.

On Wednesday, Cado Security — which gives a platform for investigation and response to cloud cyber incidents — launched a weblog publish with its findings on the brand new malware. The Cado researchers named the malware “Denonia” after the area that the attackers communicated with, and mentioned that it was utilized to allow cryptocurrency mining by way of Amazon Web Services’ serverless platform, AWS Lambda.

In an announcement, AWS mentioned that “the software described by the researcher does not exploit any weakness in Lambda or any other AWS service.”

“The software relies entirely on fraudulently obtained account credentials,” AWS mentioned — including that “Denonia” does probably not represent malware “because it lacks the ability to gain unauthorized access to any system by itself.”

‘Never a waste of time’

Cybersecurity consultants, nevertheless, instructed VentureBeat that the Cado analysis remains to be invaluable for the safety group.

“It is never a waste of time to analyze what attackers are doing,” mentioned John Bambenek, principal risk hunter at IT and safety operations agency Netenrich. “If we don’t understand what criminals are up to, then cybersecurity is complete fiction.”

Major enhancements in safety can solely be pushed “if people raise awareness around issues and work to solve them together,” mentioned Casey Bisson, head of product and developer relations at code safety options agency BluBracket.

“There’s nothing in the report to suggest AWS’ infrastructure is vulnerable in a technical sense. But it’s a vulnerable target in a practical sense because monitoring and accountability for resources is more difficult on Lambda than for virtual machines, and the tools to manage them are less mature,” Bisson mentioned.

As a consequence, this might be an important alternative for AWS to counsel that its prospects enact sure Lambda insurance policies — resembling requiring signed code — as a method to make sure the workloads operating there are real, he mentioned.

Ultimately, the worth within the Cado analysis is “in showing what’s possible if a threat actor could get their code to execute in a target Lambda environment” — even when the analysis doesn’t reveal any precise exploit, mentioned Mike Parkin, senior technical engineer at Vulcan Cyber.

“How an attacker would deploy [Denonia] is an entirely separate question,” Parkin mentioned.

Lambda is a well-liked AWS service for operating software code with out the necessity to provision or handle servers.

‘Not sufficient’

If nothing else comes from the Cado analysis report, “it’s highlighting that simply using Amazon Lambda is not sufficient from a cybersecurity standpoint,” Bambenek mentioned.

“It is absolutely critical if organizations are going to adopt a shared security model, that they know exactly and precisely where the division in those responsibilities lie,” he mentioned.

The shared accountability mannequin — an idea that’s not distinctive to AWS — divvies up who’s accountable for what in terms of safety in public cloud. AWS summarizes its share of the accountability because the “security of the cloud,” together with the infrastructure resembling compute, storage and networking. Customers are accountable for all the things else — i.e., the “security in the cloud.”

But the road of the place the tasks are cut up up can get blurry in some cases, resembling on this case with Lambda, Bambenek mentioned.

Who secures what?

While AWS secures the Lambda atmosphere itself — and the shopper ought to know they have to safe their very own account credentials and code — the difficulty of how account takeovers are dealt with just isn’t as simple, in accordance with Bambenek.

AWS has indicated that this half is in reality the accountability of the shopper, however many shoppers suppose that AWS should have checks in place across the account takeover concern, he mentioned.

Regardless, it’s “probably a no-brainer” for AWS to supply detection and prevention round crypto mining in their very own environments, Bambenek mentioned.

In its assertion, AWS famous that “the [Cado] researchers even admit that this software does not access Lambda — and that when run outside of Lambda in a standard Linux server environment, the software performed similarly.”

“It is also important to note that the researchers clearly say in their own blog that Lambda provides enhanced security over other compute environments in their own blog: ‘under the AWS Shared Responsibility model, AWS secures the underlying Lambda execution environment but it is up to the customer to secure functions themselves’ and ‘the managed runtime environment reduces the attack surface compared to a more traditional server environment,’” AWS mentioned in its assertion.

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